Category Archives: sectarianism
The article below is taken from the latest issue of the Socialist Democracy bulletin. I think it’s an excellent article, although I disagree that the mantle of 1916 is irrelevant.
Words can’t describe the dreadful shambles of the 1916 centenary commemorations. At the heart of each new farce is the assertion of cultural and political relativism. The Citizen Army revolutionaries are the same as the constitutional nationalist Redmond who denounced them, as the British troops who shelled them, as the UVF sectarians who armed against an Irish democracy.
The Irish capitalist class presents this cultural stew because they are overcome with embarrassment and revulsion, forced to commemorate something they despise. They would much rather be drinking tea with the British royal family or selling off housing stock to vulture capitalists.
Because, after all, the main thing about the rebellion was that it was defeated. It sparked off broader struggles in Ireland that were eventually defeated. Those in charge of the centenary are not the inheritors of the revolution, but its gravediggers.
One outcome of the counter-revolution is that many of those claiming to be the opponents of the governing parties today have great trouble in applying the revolutionary message of 1916 today.
The rebels rose against imperialism, yet today imperialism is so deeply entrenched that it is invisible.
The Troika carries out regular inspections. The ECB and IMF issue warnings and instructions. In the midst of a housing famine NAMA sells off resources at knock down prices to vulture capitalists – a grotesque 21st century version of the Read the rest of this entry →
Newtown Community Centre
Chair: John Davis
Brian Leeson (éirígí ) on the Great Natural Resources Robbery
Erika Brennan (community activist) on the Housing Crisis
Sean Doyle (co-worker of Seamus Costello) on the Politics of Seamus Costello in Today’s Struggle
Pádraig Ó Fearghaíl (Wicklow Remembers 1916 Committee)
Ruan O’Donnell (historian, University of Limerick)
Posted in Anti-household and anti-water tax, éirígí, Border Campaign/Operation Harvest, British state repression (general), Censorship, Civil rights movement, Commemorations, Democratic rights - general, Economy and workers' resistance, General revolutionary history, Historiography and historical texts, Irish politics today, IRSP, national, Natural resources, Officials, Partition, Prisoners - past, Public events - Ireland, Public sector/cuts, Repression and resistance in 1970s and 1980s, Repression in 26-county state, Republicanism 1960s, Revolutionary figures, Seamus Costello, sectarianism, six counties, Social conditions, twenty-six counties, Unionism, loyalism, sectarianism, Workers rights
Maurice Coakley, Ireland in the World Order: a history of uneven development, London, Pluto Press, 2012
I read this book a couple of years ago and meant to review it then, but other things got in the way. To make up for the delay, I’ve done something bigger – basically a mix of summary and review:
Coakley begins with a brief survey of bourgeois and anti-capitalist attempts to explain uneven development, from Weber and Durkheim to Gramsci, Jack goody, Immanuel Wallerstein and Robert Brenner. Coakley is concerend, in particular, with the different patterns of growth exhibited in Britain (especially England but also Scotland and Wales) and does so by exploring the unequal relations between them from the medieval era onwards.
Imposition of feudalism
He notes that the Anglo-Norman conquest resulted in the division of Ireland into Gaelic and Anglo-Norman regions. While the boundaries and interactions were fluid, they possessed different social structures. In the Anglo-Norman areas, a manorial/feudal economy was developed, with the local nobility owing allegiance to the English monarch. The peasantry which worked the land for the new elite included a layer of free peasants (largely transplanted from England) and a larger layer of unfree peasants (serfs) of Irish stock. This latter group was less free than the unfree peasants (villeins) in England itself. For instance, they had no legal rights at all.
The crisis of feudalism throughout the 1300s in Europe, including Ireland, explains the decline of Anglo-Norman power and the English language. It also reduced free tenants to labourers. This produced a significant return to England by peasants wishing to avoid greater subjection. The lords in Ireland were then forced to make concessions to Irish peasants. This combined with the impact of the plague largely finished off serfdom by about 1500.
The economy, moreover, had shifted in the 1300s back largely to pasture. This meant a different form of social organisation to tillage, where peasants laboured for a lord. Pasture involved a more kindred pattern of social organisation. The Anglo-Normans were also becoming Gaelicised. But Anglo-Norman-Gaelic Ireland was a hybrid social formation because as well as the kindred social organisation the major feudal lords were more powerful than their counterparts in England who were checked by the king from above and a large lower aristocratic layer and yeomanry below. Even in the Pale there was no yeomanry.
In the distinctly Gaelic and predominantly pastoral areas of Ireland, land and cattle denoted power. Access to land was dependent on kinship, with collective inheritance. While cattle were individually owned they were also dispersed; for instance, through being loaned to poor members of a clan. There was no significant surplus product which might create and sustain a Gaelic ruling class and state comprised of bodies of armed men; rather, “the principle of reciprocity permeated every aspect of Gaelic society”, although this did not mean equality. Read the rest of this entry →
Posted in 1798 - 1803, 1930s and 1940s, Culture, Democratic rights - general, Economy and workers' resistance, Fianna Fail, Free State in 1920s, General revolutionary history, Historiography and historical texts, Irish politics today, Natural resources, Partition, Political education and theory, Republicanism post-1900, Republicanism pre-1900, sectarianism, Social conditions, Toadyism, Trade unions, Unionism, Workers rights
Two months before George Harrison died, he gave a lengthy interview to the Rustbelt Radical blog. Rustbelt has a lot of really good stuff on it, and I thoroughly recommend the site. The person behind it is an American Mid-West marxist. Please do go and listen to the interview – here’s how Rustbelt Radical describes George Harrison:
George was an immensely humble and decent man, belying all the media images of an IRA gun runner. Immediately at ease as we had cake and coffee served to us, the 89 year-old gave us recollections of a long life well lived in a room full of manifestations of those memories. Pictures of hunger strikers, of Bernadette McAliskey and her children hung on the wall, posters and papers from the movement were on the tables. His nurse and friend Prissy was there, along with her daughter, and it is Prissy’s voice you will hear at the very end of the interviews describing the beautiful relationship the two of them had and his impact on her.
In this lengthy interview George talks about Read the rest of this entry →
Posted in 1930s and 1940s, 21st century republicanism and socialism, British state repression (general), Censorship, Civil rights movement, Civil War period, Democratic rights - general, Economy and workers' resistance, Free State in 1920s, General revolutionary history, Historiography and historical texts, Internationalism, Interviews, loyalism, Officials, Partition, Political education and theory, Prisoners - past, Repression and resistance in 1970s and 1980s, Repression and resistance in the six counties today, Repression in 26-county state, Republicanism 1960s, Republicanism post-1900, Revolutionary figures, Secret police, sectarianism, Social conditions, Trade unions, Unionism, War for Independence period